In Wisconsin, there is currently no statutory guidance on how prisons and jails can restrain pregnant women while federal facilities and 18 states have policies that prohibit or restrict shackling pregnant women. This undefined area in state law has led to some outrageous instances of pregnant women being shackled during childbirth.
Federal facilities and 18 states already have policies that prohibit or restrict shackling pregnant women.
The legislation was introduced in response to reports of multiple incarcerated women being shackled while in labor in Milwaukee County.
Fro Rep. Lisa Subeck’s testimony before the Senate Committee on Judiciary and Public Safety in Oct. 2017:
Recently, there was a lawsuit in Wisconsin regarding 40 women that were allegedly shackled while giving birth. One woman claimed she was shackled and handcuffed during labor that lasted 21 hours. Another woman was giving birth while her wrists were handcuffed to her waist and connected to her legs. When medical staff asked the handcuffs and shackles be removed, the correctional officers present declined to do so, and the woman had to receive an epidural and give birth to her child all while completely handcuffed and shackled.
While these instances have been well documented and reported on due to the lawsuit, there are certainly many more instances not so well documented. Therefore, we do not know the full extent of imprisoned women being shackled while giving birth. Whatever the number of imprisoned women shackled during labor, we must put an end to this inhumane practice. No woman should be unnecessarily restrained during labor and childbirth, and no baby should be born to a mother in shackles.
SB 393 would create the much needed statutory guidance on when corrections officers may shackle pregnant women and limit the practice to only when absolutely necessary to preserve safety. The bill would also give incarcerated women access to much needed maternal support services including the ability to pump breast milk for their babies, helping get their children off to a healthy start. Finally, the bill would expand voluntary STI testing in correctional facilities, which will increase early detection and decrease the risk of transmission to a pregnant woman’s child.
There are lots of resources, including sample letters to legislators and fact sheets available here: http://mosesmadison.org/mothers-in-chains-wisconsins-shame/